Real People, Real God – Cain and Able

Mesu Andrews Audio Bible Stories, Featured Articles, Podcasts 13 Comments

rprg    Mesu and Lyndsey 8-12-15
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Giving to Live

05-13-16 willow tree familyRoy and I haven’t really given each other gifts during our thirty+ years of marriage. In the early years, we barely had enough money for groceries, so homemade birthday, anniversary, and Valentine’s cards were the best we could do. We’ve never exchanged Christmas or birthday gifts, but one summer I was browsing in our local Christian bookstore and saw the perfect gift.

You’re familiar with those Willow Tree figurines, right? You know, the simple yet elegant earth tone statues depicting intimate sentiments to which nothing on earth can compare…those figurines. 😀 Did I mention that I found the PERFECT set? A mother hugging her daughter paired with a father and daughter sitting on the ground. It looked like our family (or at least what our family would be like in a perfect world).

So I bought it…for my husband…for Father’s Day. Ummmm, did I mention that I THOUGHT IT WAS PERFECT. You see, he sort of thought a table saw or new golf clubs might be nice for Father’s Day. The gift I gave fit my wants, my wishes, my selfish desires and gave no thought at all to what he might want.

But it all worked out. Next year for Mother’s Day, I got a bench grinder.

We see a similar situation when the first humans lived in relationship with God. Adam and Eve had children–as God intended–and those children offered gifts to their Creator…

What Are REAL PEOPLE Doing?

Sometime after leaving the garden Adam and Eve conceive a child, and Eve feels the first of those promised pains in childbirth. Regardless of her great pain, however, she doesn’t seem to hold a grudge against God and, in fact, names her son “Cain” revealing her gratefulness and love toward the Creator.

“With the help of the LORD I have brought forth a man.”        Gen. 4:1

Adam and Eve continue their relationship with the Lord, even though it is a broken one.


The first thing we learn about Cain and his brother Abel are their occupations.

“Abel was a keeper of the sheep, and Cain worked the ground.”  Genesis 4:2 

We know from Adam and Eve’s story that because of sin the ground was cursed to produce thistles and thorns when being worked. This made Cain’s job a hard one. And not just hard work, but frustrating work. The first human born into the now broken world was resigned to working the cursed ground. Ouch!

As for Abel, was his shepherding job as cursed and difficult and frustrating as working the ground? We don’t know. But they each had a job to do.


One day, after working the ground and tending the sheep for who knows how many months or years, we see each of these brothers offering up a gift to his Creator

“In the course of time Cain brought to the Lord an offering of the fruit of the ground, and Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat portions.”  Genesis 4:3

Have you ever wondered what prompted them to bring offerings? Did something simply spring up in their hearts? Did their parents tell them to do it? Did God tell them to do it? The text doesn’t enlighten us about the whys, but it does tell us what happened when they brought their gifts…the Lord had regard for one brother’s offering and did not have regard for the other brother’s offering. Thus began the first (and maybe the worst) case of sibling rivalry on the planet.

Rivalry Gone Wrong

The Cain we see in this story seems scarred from years of bitterness, which makes us wonder if perhaps Cain/Abel’s sibling rivalry was long-standing. We think siblings vying for their parents’ attention is brutal…imagine vying for the attention of the Creator of the world!! That’s high stakes!

So, when the Lord regards one brother’s offering and not the other brother’s offering, it’s quite a blow for Cain. But what if–even before this–Cain had spent years feeling outdone by Abel? Maybe he’d even convinced himself that his gift didn’t matter –“Why bother choosing a great offering for God?” Maybe his offering was given with that chip already on his shoulder. Maybe it was easier to cast blame — on God, on his cursed work, or on Abel — than it was to actually TRY to please God.

Regardless of the reason for Cain’s inferior gift, we see that God does not have regard for his offering. Why? What was our REAL GOD doing there?

Our REAL GOD Always Teaching

Remember our overarching story: God  longs to reveal Himself and relate to us.

His intention is to restore the kind of unhindered relationship He had with humankind in the Garden. Why would He approve one offering and disapprove another?

Answer: To reveal something about Himself that will help us relate to Him better.

That’s always His goal–in good times and bad. It’s like my husband and the Willow tree figurines. Those are the things that constitute a good gift in my husband’s eyes. I gave him what I would have wanted, not what he would have wanted. He used my Mother’s Day gift as a teaching moment to reveal something about himself and teach me how to relate better to him. In Genesis 4, God is showing Cain that in the offering he gave, he had not regarded God’s standards. He had regarded only his own. Therefore, God had no regard for Cain’s offering.

Offering Invitation & Setting Standards

In His effort to reveal Himself and relate to Cain, our REAL GOD enters into a conversation with him. 

“Why are you angry, and why has your face fallen? If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door. It’s desire is for you, but you must rule over it.”   Genesis 4:6-7

Although Cain has offered up a gift that is unsatisfactory to the Lord, and is throwing a tantrum about God’s lack of regard, God gently invites him into a discussion. God doesn’t shy away from Cain’s anger or punish him for it. He invites Cain to express it fully to Him.

But neither does God lower His standard for offerings. He clearly–and succinctly–challenges Cain to do right. It’s not an outline of the 10 commandments and the rest of the law. It’s a moment in which God reveals a glimpse of His standard, His nature, and extends another invitation to Cain.

“If you do what is right, I will accept you.” Genesis 4:7 

Wow! Isn’t it amazing that even after Cain offered an inferior gift, God offered an invitation to talk about the problem, a clear picture of His standards, and an invitation to try again and be accepted? What patience and kindness, right?

…But, honestly, kind of a bummer. For Cain. For us. I mean, who wants to be told their gift is inferior? It’s depressing when we realize we don’t measure up to God’s standard. That feels like a blow to my ego. It makes me feel not good enough. I’m guessing it felt that way to Cain–who was already struggling with rivalry/inferiority to his brother.

Granted, it’s amazing that God revealed His nature, His heart, and His standards. That He would relate to Cain–to us. What a blessing! But it’s also the moment when we find that we are lacking. 


As part of this conversation, God reminds Cain of the protection he enjoys as long as he remains within the shelter of their relationship. The word “crouching” used in the Genesis 4:7 phrase, “sin is crouching at your door,” is taken from an ancient Babylonian word referring to a demon waiting outside the door of a building, threatening the people inside. In essence, God is saying to Cain, “Sin will attack/overwhelm/consume you if you WILLFULLY step outside the shelter of our relationship. Don’t do it, Cain!” Our REAL GOD is asking two things of His belligerent child:

  1. Talk to Me!
  2. Stay with Me!

What parent hasn’t begged a prodigal to do those things?

REAL PEOPLE Miss the Mark

What is Cain’s response to God’s plea? Does he take this opportunity to talk with God? Does he pour out his anger or confess his lack of regard for the Creator? 

No. Instead, the next thing Cain does is talk to his brother…and then kill him. Just like that.

Cain attacks the wrong problem. Rather than working on his relationship with God to live up to His standards, he kills his brother who gave the better offering. Rather than comparing himself to God’s standards, Cain compares himself to Abel, and then takes out his self-imposed competition. After all, it might be easier to wipe out an opponent than to change from within. When all the while, the thing needing to be killed was his own stubborn heart, his own bitterness, his own selfish pride.

REAL PEOPLE’s Downhill Slide

By now, we have seen the actions of REAL people going REALLY downhill REALLY quickly. Placed into a perfect world, walking in the evenings with God, and then doing the ONE thing they weren’t supposed to do, which introduced a knowledge of evil, blame, shame, hiding from God, and now all of a sudden MURDER!  

And then? Lying. God confronts Cain about his brother, and Cain lies about the whole thing. Things are going downhill fast!

Throughout this story, it seems Cain has a giant chip on his shoulder. Most of his interactions with God, and especially his cold-shouldered, deceitful response when asked about his brother, leave us feeling like he must think, “God has no regard for me, so I have no regard for Him.”

But Whose Fault Is It?

Though we may be able to understand how Cain might have felt — working the cursed ground, having his offering met with no regard, being outdone by his brother Abel — this does not justify putting any blame on God for his situation.

It is not God’s fault that the world is hard for us.

It’s sin’s fault, and many times–if we’re honest or set aside our pride–it’s our poor life choices that cause our hardships. Granted, God allowed the serpent into the Garden and planted that tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. God even had the nerve to give Adam and Eve free choice. But He didn’t shove that fruit into their hands or make them swallow it. That’s on us. I have no excuse for blaming cancer and car accidents on God…but I serve a God who can take all the bad things in this sin-sick world and use them for my good if I trust Him with my life.

Our REAL GOD Confronts Sin

Even though Cain killed his brother, a precious creation made in God’s image, and then lied straight to God’s face about it, God continues to interact with Cain. This time, though, there are some unpleasant consequences.

“Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth.”  Genesis 4:11-12

Cain FINALLY takes this opportunity to dialogue with God about the problem. He laments and cries out that this punishment is more than he can bear. He is afraid that anyone who finds him will kill him.

“But the LORD said to him, ‘…Anyone who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over.’ Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him.”  Genesis 4:15

Even after Cain’s unrepentant attitude, our REAL GOD, takes actions to protect Cain from being killed by others. Wow! What grace and mercy! Two times we’ve seen REAL PEOPLE disobey and reject God’s good plan for them, and both times our REAL GOD proclaimed punishment and curses…while providing unmerited protection. What a gracious God He is!

Our REAL GOD’s Story Continues…

I hope you’ve signed up for our weekly blog posts so you won’t miss a single word of this story (you can sign up in the right-hand column)! Next week, May 20th (in blog format only–no podcast), we’ll delve deeper into the generations between Adam and Noah.

Thanks for continuing the journey with us!


Comments 13

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  1. Wow, Mesu. I’ve always wondered why God accepted Abel’s sacrifice and not Cain’s. I’d never considered the fact that it might be because God wanted to reveal something about Himself. I’d always looked at the two men, not God, for the answer. And I guess that’s what Cain did, too. Yikies!

    Thanks for reminding me to look to Him in every situation — even when I’m wrong.

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    2. Honestly, Angie, I’d never really thought about why God approved one offering and not the other until Mesu and I began discussing this. I’m so glad the Lord is revealing His heart to all of us! Just like He did with Cain.

  2. It reminds me of how a simple issue of words or action can turn quickly to murder, attempted murder, etc. Just like the “Black Lives Matter” movement. We should also consider “All Lives Matter” to God, with no matter to race,
    I always love reading your blog. They always speak to my heart & mind to always be mindful & thankful.

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  3. I sometimes wonder why God puts up with us! Grace and mercy! Like Angie above I’ve wondered why God didn’t accept Cain’s sacrifice. The thought God wanted to reveal something about Himself and Cain just didn’t get it…sounds like me sometimes! Thanks, for sharing these blogs…I am loving them. Blessings, Linda

  4. My friend called and talked almost an hour on how much she enjoyed this discussion on the Podcast. Said she took 3 pages of notes and was so thrilled to think on some of these things you 2 brought out in your discussion. I love how you girls bring out things..maybe only one verse but what that has in it for our lives. Wow. It makes these Bible stories come to life, be real to our lives. I love exploring WHO GOD IS. That is my life’s delight, learning about JESUS, God. Thanks for these Podcasts.

    1. So glad you (and your friend) enjoyed the podcast! It’s so fun for Lyndsey and I to learn more about the Lord as we go too. We get to spend the week before we record mulling and praying over these characters and their stories. It’s such a blessing!

  5. Of course, you know I’m a bit opinionated about this chapter of Genesis, so every time I see the story “explained” I tend to squint a bit. But this was really fantastic. Great job Mesu and Lyndsey. This is one of the better commentaries on Genesis 4 that I’ve seen!

    I loved your take on God’s rejection of Cain’s sacrifice! Of course, none of us knows the exact reasons for God rejecting Cain’s sacrifice. But I’ve always thought of Saul’s offering offending the Lord. “Obedience is better than sacrifice.” All throughout the Scriptures–Old and New Testament–we see God accepting our worship based on the purity of our intentions, rather than the goodness of our offerings. After all, isn’t that the reason for Christ’s sacrifice? Saul’s offering was done out of a desire for self-sufficiency, and to elevate his own pride (it was self-worship), and I think Cain’s was the same, and that God rejected both sacrifices to point out the importance of being men “after God’s own heart,” and that God showed them mercy to try and win their hearts. But what do both Cain and Saul do with God’s mercy? Use it for personal gain, again and again. Saul tries to kill David, a lover of God. And Cain actually succeeds in killing Abel, a lover of God. Saul ends up wandering the wilderness, literally insane. Cain ends up cursed to wandering, and his ending is not even recorded. But perhaps insanity consumed him as well, as God seems to have warned him.

    Thanks for such wonderful insight into this extremely powerful story! Even after 4 years of exploring it, I still feel there’s more depth to mine from it.

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      Oh, man! When I saw your name in the comments, I got a little nervous! You’ve done all this fabulous biblical/historical research on CAIN for your book (which is very thought-provoking, BTW), and I wondered what you’d think of our spin on it. So glad you enjoyed this.

      I love your comparison of Cain and Saul. FABULOUS thoughts. Never saw the similarities, but they’re definitely there and very telling. Thanks so much for bringing those out! You’re a blessing, brother!

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